Kampen Cigars City Kampen has a population of around 50,000 inhabitants and is situated at the river IJssel. Kampen is a small picturesque town with many historic sites such as warehouses, the beautiful gables of houses, imposing churches and old ships, which revive the beautiful and glorious time of the Hanze covenant.
From the year1825the then mayorFransLemkertook the initiativeto improve theinfrastructurein and aroundKampen,which resulted innew streets,roads and canalsafter worth the city was made easily accessible.In 1826JohannLehm-kuhl, a merchantfrom Bremen, made good use ofthese favorable conditionsand initiateda tobacco factory -the first inKampen.ThisGermantraderprovided a cornerstone forthedevelopment,of Kampen as aCigarCity in the19th century.Morethan 110factoriesarosefollowing his example.The 'Voorstraat' inKampen wasthe cradle ofmany famous brands.These factoriesemployedhundreds ofpeople inKampenwho wereengaged in the tabacco industrie. Today onlyoneproducingtobacco factory is still active:Olifant.
Historie van Sigarenstad Kampen en Sigarenfabriek de Olifant
History of the Cigar Industry Kampen
1826 John Lehmkuhl travels due to the tight labor market in Bremen to the (Hanze)city of Kampen to start a cigar factory. Kampen struggled with high unemployment and thus there were low labor costs.
1832 Widow H. Meulenkamp starts a factory on the 'oudestraat'.
1844 Mr. Goosen starts with tobacco "Olifant" in Harderwijk.
1891 Mr W. French start a factory on the 'Koornmarkt'.
1892 There were now 35 factories in Kampen, including 4 large with over 1000 werknemers. one third of the working class were employed in this industry. The wages that were paid were up to HFL. 22, - per week.
1910 Kampen counted ± 114 plants and factories most of which consisted of "homeworkers".
1920 Due to high competition and significant cost increases decreased wages to HFL. 10, - per week or HFL.4,50 per 1,000 cigars.
1920 Eindhoven was the "City of Light" and the Kampen "Cigar City" from the Netherlands.
The V.O.C. and Olifant The V.O.C.(Eastern India Company) was between 1602 and 1799, the largest and most powerful trading company in the world. They transported precious goods such as herbs, spices, silk, coffee, cotton and tobacco from Asia to the Netherlands. The V.O.C. has built many ships, including the freighter "de Olifant" in 1639. Some sources say this ship was called "The White Elephant". In September 1639 the ship left the port of Texel to pass 'Kaap de goede Hoop' to travel to its ultimate goal, Batavia, now Jakarta, where it arrived on March 16, 1640. These trade route preserved in length of days to obtain valuable tobacco and other raw materials from the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra. Cigars factory Olifant had the V.O.C. always on a high priority throughout it's history.That can be seen in the various cigars models with names that date from that time. For example Matelieff was a stern and fearless captain in the service of the V.O.C..
History of "tobacco factory de Olifant".
1844 tobacco Elephant founded by G Goosen in Harderwijk.
1883 Widow H. Meulenkamp built a new factory at the 'Voorstraat 104' and in front laying down the first stone. This is now the entrance to "De Olifant".
1916 W. Fransen & Zn. factory took over Widow Meulenkamp's factory and moved his company from the Koornmarkt to the Voostraat.
1953 W. Fransen & Zn. take over "Olifant" from Harderwijk.
1965 W. Fransen & Zn. take over "de Eenhoorn" located in Zaltbommel since 1815.
1983 Tobacco Manufacturer Henk van der Sluis dreamed of cigar production was quantitatively small but provided great quality. Due to its large experience in the industry he had been his own idea about what the quality should be. He could start off in a number of buildings at de Voorstraat in Kampen to realize his dream. Henk van der Sluis takes over "W. Fransen & zn. "On all brands and contents. Meanwhile, the factory covered five houses Voorstraat 100 up to 108. In that time was chewing tobacco ,pipe tobacco and rolling tobacco (also called "Olifant") was still produced. The machines used for this purpose are still full of pride in our factory. In particular, the "eestmachine" or tobacco drying machine from the year 1888 already on this place since this year.
1986 The factory will resume producing quality cigars under the brand "Sigarenfabriek Olifant".
1987 The shop at the 'Oudestraat' which is adjacent to the tobacco factory is bought and converted into a rustic cigar shop.
1988 Big party in honor of the "eest machine" that isin business for 100 years.
1997 The largest painting Kenne Gregoir has ever completed, it occupies an entire room at the Elephant. (Kenne Gregoir Room).
2001 The new Tobacco Act is introduced, Sigarenfabriek Olifant must perform now warning stickers on her cedar boxes. No advertising outside a tobacconist could be made.
2003 Eenhoorn Coffee and tea is founded
2006 Smoking banned in the workplace
2008 Smoking is prohibited in bars and restaurants
2009 The Elephant starts using coils
2010 Heritage award of Kampen - awarded by the city of Zwolle
2012 Entrepreneur of the Year.
During abroadcast of 'de IJzeren eeuw' (the IronAge)ofthe VPROaboutDutchhistoryin Indonesia, attention was paid to thetobaccoindustry.Watch the video of de IJzeren eeuw,withimages and storiesfrom Indonesiawherethetobaccocomes from andimagesfromcigar factoryOlifantin Kampen.